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2018年翻译资格考试初级笔译模拟题:中医

来源:百度新闻 时间:2018-09-30 12:19:45 编辑:广东省 浏览:307 手机版

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【摘要】小编给大家带来2018年翻译资格考试常考高频词汇:中医,希望对大家有所帮助。

汉译英

中医有五千多年的历史,是中国古代劳动人民几千年来对抗疾病的经验总结。中医将人体看成是气、形、神的统一体,以 望、闻、问、切 为其独特的诊断过程。 中医使用中药、针灸以及许多其他治疗手段,使人体达到阴阳调和。阴阳和五行是中医的理论基础。五行是自然界中的五种基本物质,即金、木、水、火、土。

长期以来西方人一直怀疑由草药制成的中成药是否有效。在过去的几年内,中国传统医药在世界范围内经历了严格的科学审查。

为证明和提高传统治疗方法的效益,中国大陆投入了巨资在这方面进行艰苦研究。香港一直在努力使自己成为世界上传统中医研究的带头人。台湾也提出它将把自己建成一个中医技术中心。

传统中医药的研究工作在亚洲以外地区的大学和其他机构也蓬勃开展。这些揭开传统医学秘密的研究工作可能会为中西医都大感头疼的疾病患者带来福音。

尽管在理论上中西医之间还存在着分歧,一些对中医药感兴趣的著名国际制药公司已开始在中国实施小规模的研究项目。一批新药已在亚洲各地接受试验。

参考译文

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has a longhistory of more than 5,000 years. It is a summaryof the experience of the working people over manycenturies of struggle against diseases. TCM considershuman body as a unity of QI, XING and SHEN. The diagnostic process of TCM distinguishesitself by observation,auscultation and olfaction, inquiry and pulse diagnosis . TCM usestraditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture and many other treatment means to make humanbody be harmony between YIN and YANG. The concepts of YIN-YANG and WU XING laid atheoretical foundation for TCM. WU XING refers to five basic substances in the nature, thatis, metal, wood, water, fire, and earth.

For a long time, Westerners have been skeptical about the efficacy of China s patent drugs made of medicinal herbs. In the past few years, traditional Chinese medicine has been subject to rigorous scientific scrutiny worldwide.

To prove and enhance the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine, China s mainland (the mainland of China) has poured huge amounts of money into hard research on this field. While Hong Kong has been endeavoring to make itself the world leader in research on traditional Chinese medicine, Taiwan has put forward a plan to transform itself into a traditional Chinese medicine technology center.

Research into traditional cures is also blossoming at universities and other institutions outside Asia. These efforts to unlock the secrets of traditional remedies could produce benefits for sufferers of diseases that have confounded both Western and traditional Chinese medicines.

Although there are still differences between Western and traditional Chinese medicines in theory, some world-known pharmaceutical companies, taking interest in traditional Chinese medicine, have launched small research projects in China. A number of new medicines have already undergone trials across Asia.

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